Near Site of Nuestra Senora De La Candelaria Mission (Our Lady of the Feast of the Purification Mission)
Marker Text: Third mission under this name founded in Texas. Established near here on the Nueces River in 1762 by Franciscan missionaries for the conversion of the Indians and protection of Spanish lands. Typical of many Spanish missions in Texas, Candelaria had twice moved closer to centers of civilization since its first founding in 1749 on the San Gabriel River.
Beset with friction between Friars and soldiers, the first Candelaria was abandoned in 1755 and then moved to the San Marcos River. Soon, however, the Friars found that the Indians were more concerned with protection than with Christianity. In 1757 the mission was again discontinued.
In 1762 Candelaria was re-established here, and about 100 Lipan-Apaches quickly volunteered to live within its walls. A chapel, large thatched building, a house, and possibly other structures were erected. But once more, difficulties arose -- scarcity of meat, unrest and insincerity among the mission Indians, inadequate defense, devastating raids by Comanches and Apaches. About 1767 the mission was abandoned for the last time. Little remains of it today, for the smooth building stones were taken by Anglo settlers in the 1800s to build their houses. (1968)
Marker No: 3566
Aluminum 27 x 42 Subject Marker
Geographic: 29.540071, -100.005638
Location: On US 55 just inside Montell City limits (past churches), Montell